Innovation at the Base of the pyramid: NIF
Inclusive growth and BOP innovations have been phenomenon that have eluded India for a long time, but as India enters into the decade of innovation the trend of innovation for the base of the pyramid has increased multi-fold and products and services catering to the 60% rural population of India have finally started making a mark in Indian landscape.
In this and in the few coming posts I will talk of a couple of innovations which are focused towards changing lives and casting impact at the BOP.
Hand operated water lifting pump
Sakthimainthan built his hand operated water pump in response to a dearth of available pumps that could be afforded by small farmers.
He built five prototypes over a period of fifteen years before finally perfecting his design.
The resulting water-lifting device is operated by the continuously rotating a handle. It is simple in design and has a high discharge at low cost compared to the motorized pumps and conventional hand pumps.
The pump has discharge of 20,000 lph at 0.75 m head. The unit has also been tested by TNAU, Coimbatore and improved by CMERI Durgapur. It is useful device for drainage as well.
Bullock operated sprayer
The bullock operated sprayer is pulled by a pair of bullocks and gets the drive from the ground through a gear box and belt pulley system.
When the operator shifts the lever to a higher gear, the frequency of strokes of the pump increases as a result of which more pressure develops in the container. The spray fluid, thus, atomizes into fine droplets with a wider swath.
This sprayer considerably reduces time requirement as compared to manual spraying and also the drudgery and health hazards involved in manual spraying.
It has 18 nozzles, spaced at a distance of 35 cm and can cover 3.5 acre/h.
We will keep you posted on several such innovations which can make life simpler for the rural population of India and are on the verge of commercialization.